The Bank of Albania (Albanian: Banka e Shqipërisë) is the central bank of Albania based in Tirana. The bank of Albania has considerably evolved since being established, in contour with economic, political, and social developments. The main headquarters of the bank is in Tirana. The bank also has five other branches located in Shkodër, Elbasan, Gjirokastër, Korçë, and Lushnjë.
The primary goal of the Bank of Albania is to accomplish and sustain price stability. Collaborating with obligations developing from law, the Bank of Albania practices and applies policies of reaching its primary goal of keeping inflation under control. Along with their primary goal, the Bank of Albania promotes and supports the development of the foreign exchange regime and system, the domestic financial market, the payment system, and contributes to improving monetary and lending conditions.
One of the roles of the Bank of Albania is that it acts as manager of the county’s currency by balancing the currency in circulation and credit with in the economy. This role is important because allowing too much currency into circulation will end up leading to inflation and allowing less currency in circulation will prevent the economy to grow. As acting currency manager, the Bank of Albania pursues to reach equilibrium between two extremes, which is to promote economic growth by maintaining price stability.
Another role of the Bank of Albania is that it acts as the fiscal agent to the most important client in the country, which is the Albanian Government. Since being the central Bank of Albania, the bank performs a wide range of financial services dealing with billions of Albanian Leks. The Government of Albania keeps an open account with the bank, through which it makes many domestic and international financial transactions. The Treasury operations, which consist of receipts and expenses made by the government is not carried out within the Bank of Albania, but through commercial banks.
The Bank of Albania is mandated by the Government to supervise and regulate all activity of banks and institutions operating banking activity within the country. The Bank of Albania enforces rules on the establishment of banks and institutions and licenses them. The bank also supervises and monitors all activity of these institutions to ensure that they follow and obey the laws and regulations.
The economy of Albania has undergone a transition from its communist past into an open-
The collapse of communism in Albania came later and was more chaotic than in other Eastern European countries and was marked by a mass exodus of refugees to Italy and Greece in 1991 and 1992. The country attempted to transition to autarchy, but this eventually failed. Attempts at reform began in earnest in early 1992 after real GDP fell by more than 50% from its peak in 1989. Albania currently suffers from high organised crime and corruption rates.
The democratically elected government that assumed office in April 1992 launched an ambitious economic reform program to halt economic deterioration and put the country on the path toward a market economy. Key elements included price and exchange system liberalization, fiscal consolidation, monetary restraint, and a firm income policy. These were complemented by a comprehensive package of structural reforms including privatization, enterprise, and financial sector reform, and creation of the legal framework for a market economy and private sector activity. Most agriculture, state housing, and small industry were privatized. This trend continued with the privatization of transport, services, and small and medium-
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